S2 EPISODE 20 - Fasting Glucose, Inflammation, Keto & HIIT w/ Alessandro Ferretti

Season 2 Episode 12, Dr. Bubbs sits down with Alessandro Ferretti to discuss the role of fasted morning glucose as a marker for health, recovery and longevity. Alessandro outlines what impacts your fasting glucose marker, when and how to measure, and some pitfalls of over-interpretation. Alessandro also discusses his recent research with Dr. Daniel Plews and Prof Paul Laursen on the effects of a ketogenic diet on HIIT training performance and the keys of how to interpret them into your practice.

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)  Higher morning fasting glucose is associated with higher all-cause mortality.

2)  Chronic inflammation levels in athletes can hamper recovery and adaptation.

3)  Ketogenic diets do not hamper HIIT training over the course of 4-weeks in moderately fit endurance athletes.

Research Article

Effects of a 4-Week Very Low-Carbohydrate Diet on High-Intensity Interval Training Responses

About Alessandro Ferretti

Alessandro Ferretti is founder of Equilibria Health, recognized as one of the UK’s leading providers of nutrition education. His most recent focus is studying the relationship between HRV and blood glucose levels, recently Collaborating with Dr. Daniel Plews, Dr. Paul Larsen in 3 scientific papers in sport performance. Keep up-to-date with Alessandro's work on Twitter.

 

S2 EPISODE 19 - High-Dose Omega-3, CBD Oil & Concussions w/ Dr. Michael Lewis MD

In Season 2 Episode 19, Dr. Bubbs interviews Dr. Michael Lewis MD to discuss the applications of high-dose omega-3 supplementation in concussions. In this episode, Dr. Lewis reviews the pathophysiology of concussion and how it unfolds in two distinct phases, which athletes are at the highest risk of concussion, his research into the use of high-dose omega-3 for concussion in the military, protocols for omega-3 use with concussion, as well as the novel application of CBD oil for head trauma and mental conditions. 

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)  In the general population, young children and the elderly are at the highest risk of concussion from falls.

2)  Concussions unfold in two distinct phases: the trauma and the subsequent biochemical cascades.

3)  High-dose omega-3 supplementation may help to accelerate recovery from brain trauma.

Research Articles & Links

Neuroprotection for the Warrior: Dietary Supplementation With Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Therapeutic use of omega-3 fatty acids in severe head trauma

Suicide Deaths of Active Duty U.S. Military and Omega-3 Fatty Acid Status: A Case Control Comparison 

About Dr. Michael Lewis MD

Dr. Lewis an expert on brain health and the prevention, management, and rehabilitation of concussions and traumatic brain injury (TBI). He founded the nonprofit Brain Health Education and Research Institute in 2011 when he retired as a Colonel after a distinguished 31 year career in the U.S. Army. His pioneering work has helped thousands of people around the world and he is regularly featured in the media including CNN’s Sanjay Gupta MD show and numerous radio shows and podcasts. He is the author of the Amazon Best Selling book, When Brains Collide: What every athlete and parent should know about the prevention and treatment of concussions and brain injuries.

Find out more at http://www.brainhealtheducation.org and BrainCare.center.

S2 EPISODE 18 - REWIND: Expert Insights & Highlights w/ Dr. Marc Bubbs ND

In Season 2 Episode 18, Dr. Bubbs “rewinds” the tape and revisits key insights and expert tips from the past two seasons. In part 1 of this episode, guests Dr. Shawn Arent, Dr. Eric Helms and Isabel Lahela talk body composition measurement techniques, the nuances of carbs for hypertrophy and weight loss, and the interference effect of HIIT training on bodybuilders. In part 2, Dr. Brianna Stubbs, Dr. Susan Kleiner and Dr. Jose Antonio will discuss supplements for sport, such as exogenous ketones, carbs, beetroot juice and HMB. In part 3, Dr. Stavros Kavouras and Prof Tim Noakes will outline different hydration strategies for athletes and the general population. And finally, in part 4 Dr. Fergus Connolly, Dr. Jeremy Koenig and Olympian Heather Moyse will talk emotions and mindset in sport, the “warrior gene” and how to overcome your own fears, assumptions and roadblocks. 

S2 EPISODE 17 - Dietary Supplements & The High Performance Athlete w/ Prof. Stuart Phillips PhD

In Season 2 Episode 17, Dr. Bubbs interviews world expert Professor Stuart Phillips PhD to talk about his contribution to the International Olympic Committee's (IOC) recent research and consensus statement on the use of supplements in sport. In this episode, Stu discusses athlete rationale and motives for using supplements, caffeine dosing strategies for endurance based exercise versus repeated sprints, the application of dietary nitrates and what exercise duration benefits most, as well as evidence-based immune support supplements (sharing which are more hype than substance). Stu also outlines supplements that indirectly support performance via improving capacity to train or recovery such as HMB, omega-3s, and collagen supplements, as well as the  ‘decision making’ tree to help coaches, athletes and practitioners figure out how to best apply supplement strategies.

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)  Supplements can impact performance directly, or indirectly via supporting improved training and/or recovery.

2)  Supplements can help athletes get that extra 2-5% of the performance or recovery gains.

3)  Always ensure you use NSF or Informed-Choice supplements or from certified WADA approved labs.

Research Article

IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete

The “Big Rocks” – Stu’s Tip

“Sleep, training and nutrition must be dialed in… Supplements are the sprinkles on the cake!”

About Prof. Stuart Phillips, PhD

Professor Phillips is a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Skeletal Muscle Health, Professor in Kinesiology, and Adjunct Professor in the School of Medicine at McMaster University in Canada. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and the American College of Nutrition (ACN) and his research is focused on the impact of nutrition and exercise on human skeletal muscle protein turnover. Professor Phillips currently has more than 18,000 career citations, and 200 original scientific research and review papers. Follow Prof. Phillips on Twitter

S2 EPISODE 16 - Analytics, Monitoring & The 24-Hour Athlete w/ Jordan Webb

In Season 2 Episode 16, Dr. Bubbs sits down with strength coach and head of sport science at The University of Notre-Dame Jordan Webb. In this episode, Jordan shares his experiences working in professional sport in the NBA, NFL, MLS as well as his current role with men’s soccer and women’s rowing. Jordan talks pros and cons of athlete monitoring, integrating technology and analytics into a system, and the fundamental role of effective communication to achieve athlete buy-in and program success.

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)            Ask first what you want to improve in your athlete or team, then seek out the technology to support it.

2)            Athlete perspective is crucial for building relationships. (Eg. Professional versus student-athletes)

3)            Adolescents and young adults can handle a lot more training volume than older populations.

Jordan's “Big Rock” 

Learning to effectively communicate to be a great coach (a lesson he learned from his mentors).

 About Jordan Webb

Head of Sport Science at the world-renowned University of Notre-Dame. Follow Jordan on Twitter.

Check out the University of Notre-Dame – Human Performance Summit

S2 EPISODE 15 - Energy Balance, Carb Availability & Micronutrients for Performance w/ Kelly Anne Erdman MS, RD

In Season 2 Episode 15, Dr. Bubbs interviews former Olympian and nutrition expert Kelly Anne Erdman of the Canadian Sport Institute in Calgary to talk Nutrition and Athletic Performance. In this episode, Kelly Anne dives into the key role of energy balance and availability, factors that impact energy availability, the crucial role of carbohydrates in high-intensity exercise, glycogen’s direct and indirect role in regulating training adaptations, as well as daily carb requirements depending on your sport, acute fueling strategies, key micronutrients and much more. Terrific insights from Kelly Anne.

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)  Energy balance is the biggest driver of athletic performance and recovery.

2)  Carbohydrate availability can be manipulated depending on exercise intensity.

3)  Micronutrients like iron, calcium, vitamin D etc. play a role in athletic recovery and performance.

Research & Articles

Nutrition and Athletic Performance

The “Big Rocks” – Kelly Anne’s Tip

Meal frequency – Don’t skip meals or snacks, it will catch up with you later in the day! 

About Kelly Anne Erdman MS, RD

Kelly Anne Erdman is a Performance Dietician at the Canadian Sport Institute in Calgary and contributing author to the recent Joint Position Statement by Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics,  Dieticians of Canada and American College of Sports Medicine on Nutrition and Athletic Performance. She provides nutrition services forOlympic & World Championship-bound athletes including the following Canadian national teams: Women’s Hockey, Men’s Sledge Hockey, Long Track Speed Skating, Paralympic Cycling, Luge Canada as well as Athletics Canada-Decathlete Damian Warner. Kelly Anne Erdman was herself a member of the Canadian Cycling team from 1985 - 1992, competing in 7 World Championships and the 1992 Olympics in Barcelona, Spain.

S2 EPISODE 14 - The Opioid Epidemic, Meditation & Managing Chronic Pain w/ Dr. Abhimanyu Sud MD

In Season 2 Episode 14, Dr. Bubbs sits down with expert Dr. Abhimanyu Sud MD to talk about managing chronic pain and today’s opioid crisis. In this episode, Dr. Sud will share staggering statistics on the scope and intensity of today’s opioid epidemic, what’s driving the opioid crisis, the research evidence supporting the use of opioids for treating long-term pain, as well as the impact of opioids in sports – in particular contact sports like hockey and the NFL – and how meditation can alter areas of the brain that impact pain intensity and pain suffering. Dr. Sud also provides tips on meditation and shares insights into his routine. Make sure you listen to this fantastic episode!

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)  More people dying in current opioid epidemic than at the height of the opioid crisis.

2)  The evidence-based research on the use of opioids for chronic pain management is very poor (despite their widespread use).

3)  Meditation can alter regions of the brain that control pain intensity and pain bothersomeness.

Links To Research & Articles

https://www.thestar.com/life/health_wellness/2016/10/31/rethinking-our-understanding-of-chronic-pain-and-use-of-opioids-doctors-notes.html

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5056880/

The “Big Rocks” – Dr. Sud’s Tip

Commit to the meditation practice, do it everyday. 

About Dr. Abhimanyu Sud MD

Dr. Abhimanyu Sud MD is a family doctor and lecturer in the Department of Family and Community Medicine at the University of Toronto. He directs the Safe Opioid Prescribing Program through Continuing Professional Development at the Faculty of Medicine, which teaches doctors how to prescribe opioids for chronic pain in a safer and more evidence-informed manner. Follow Dr. Sud on Twitter.

S2 EPISODE 13 – Bodyweight Training & Overcoming Gravity w/ Dr. Steven Low DPT

In Season 2 Episode 13, Dr. Bubbs sits down with movement expert Dr. Steven Low to talk bodyweight training. Over the past decade gymnastic-based training has surged in popularity and in this episode, Dr. Low will discuss the principles of bodyweight training, exercise progressions and training frequency for beginners, intermediate and advanced, how to overcome roadblocks and plateaus in bodyweight training, How to perform a 1-arm push, 1-arm chin-up and awesome tips for achieving a free handstand, as well as some great warm-up and prehab work before you dive in with both feet. Tons of great tips and insights from Steve!

Lay-Ups From This Episode

1)            Bodyweight training uses changes in leverages to change intensity of the exercises.

2)            For beginners, at least 3x per week yields the best results and more intermediate to advanced trainees can increase to 4-5 sessions weekly.

3)            Hypertrophy with bodyweight training is more apparent in the upper-body versus the lower body compared to weight training.

 

The “Big Rocks” - Steven’s Tip

Consistency and discipline are the key. (If you’re missing workouts, you won’t progress successfully)

About Dr. Steven Low PhD

A former gymnast, coach, and the author of Overcoming Gravity: A Systematic Approach to Gymnastics and Bodyweight Strength (Second Edition) and Overcoming Poor Posture Steven holds a Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry and Doctorate of Physical Therapy from the University of Maryland. Steve has spent thousands of hours independently researching the scientific foundations of health, fitness and nutrition. His unique knowledge base enables him to offer numerous insights into practical care for performance and injuries. Stay connected with Steven on Instagram

 

S2 EPISODE 12 - Assessing Body Composition, Performance Metrics & Biomarkers w/ Dr. Shawn Arent PhD

In Season 2 Episode 12, Dr. Bubbs interviews Dr. Shawn Arent PhD, Director of the Center for Health & Human Performance at Rutgers University. Shawn dives into why body composition testing is important for athletes, compares DEXA/Bodpod/BIA/Calipers, and talks about the importance of consistency and tracking. He also discusses the use of performance metrics to assess athlete development and then take a deep dive into lab biomarkers for health and performance. Great stuff from one of the absolute best in the game!

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)            Body composition is useful metric for sport performance and injury prevention

2)            Performance metrics can be used alongside nutritional interventions to evaluate athlete outcomes

3)            Lab biomarkers serve as valuable tools for identifying individual deficiencies and insufficiencies amongst athletes

Research Links

Workload, Energy Expenditure, and Biomarker Differences in Division I Male and Female Soccer Players: 2078 Board #91 June 1 3

Workload-related Psychological And Physiological Changes In Female College Soccer Players During A Competitive Season: 2096 Board #109 June 1 3 

Shawn’s “Big Rocks”

Take stock in “why” you want to make a change; what is the underlying reason behind that reason. Take the time to peel back the layers to find out.

About Dr. Shawn Arent PhD

Shawn is the Director of the Center for Health & Human Performance at Rutgers University and the current President of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. Shawn’s also a fellow in the American College of Sports Medicine and the recipient of a Presidential Fellowship for Teaching Excellence. His research focuses on the relationship between physical activity and stress and the implications for health and performance. Follow Shawn on Twitter, and stay up-to-date with The Rutgers Center for Health and Human Performance.

S2 EPISODE 11 - How To Apply Sleep Science Into Practice With Athletes w/ Cheri Mah MS

In Season 2 Episode 11, Dr. Bubbs interviews world-renowned sleep expert Cheri Mah MS, consultant to professional sports teams in all four major leagues. In this episode Cheri discusses the physiology of sleep, her early research on sleep in collegiate athletes, impacts of jet lag and crossing time zones, why pro baseball teams are sleeping in during spring training, the infamous NBA nap and her NBA Schedule Alert project with ESPN’s Baxter Holmes, as well as her key tips for supporting sleep in athletes. Phenomenal insights from one of the best in the business!

Lay-Ups From This Episode

1) Deep sleep occurs earlier in the night (NREM) – muscle repair and growth hormone, etc. Late stage of sleep (i.e REM) is when learning and memory consolidation occurs.

2) Young adults have a delayed body clock, naturally wanting to go to bed later and get up later the next day.

3) Elite athletes should get 8-10 hours of sleep per night.

Cheri’s “Big Rocks” for Sleep

Schedule and prioritize your sleep routine to improve mental and physical performance.

Research Links & Articles

The Effects of Sleep Extension on the Athletic Performance of Collegiate Basketball Players

The NBA schedule turns teams into the sleepwalking dead 

About Cheri Mah

Cheri Mah MS is a research fellow at the University of California San Francisco Human Performance Center and advisor to elite athletes and professional sports teams in the NFL, NBA, MLB, and NHL on sleep and performance. Follow Cheri on Twitter.

 

Links –

Twitter – Cheri Mah

S2 EPISODE 10 - The Impacts of Caffeine On Sleep & Circadian Rhythms in Athletes w/ Dr. Ian Dunican PhD

In Season 2 Episode 10, Dr. Bubbs interviews Dr. Ian Dunican PhD to talk about the use of caffeine in pro sport and how it impacts sleep duration and efficiency. Ian shares his insights on caffeine use and habits of athletes, how caffeine use impacts sleep on game days, the fact many athletes are unaware of the amount of caffeine they consume overall, as well as his research on jet lag and sleep disorders in athletes. Terrific insights and actionable tips from Dr. Dunican!

Lay-Ups From This Episode

1)             Caffeine in the evening, even in low-doses, can negatively impact sleep duration and efficiency.

2)             Many athletes are unaware of the amount of caffeine they consume.

3)             Athletes sleep quality after games is typically poor and it can take multiple days to off-set this sleep debt.

Link to Research

Caffeine use in a Super Rugby game and its relationship to post-game sleep

About Dr. Ian Dunican PhD

Ian Dunican has twenty years international professional experience in Project Management, Health and Safety and Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS) in military, mining, oil and gas. He is the Director of Sleep4Performance, an expert consultancy for FRMS and operations, and a researcher at the University of Western Australia (UWA), where he works with elite sporting organisations for optimisation of performance and recovery. Follow Ian on Twitter here.

S2 EPISODE 9 - Strongman Training & Nutrition Strategies w/ Dain Wallis

In Season 2 Episode 9, Dr. Bubbs sits down with Canadian Strongman Champion Dain Wallis to talk about his preparation for competition; training periodization, importance of technical proficiency, nutrition for hypertrophy, sleep and recovery strategies, the psychology of competition as well as applications of Strongman training for the recreational athlete. Great tips from Dain!

Lay-Ups From This Episode

1)             It takes time to build elite maximal strength.

2)             Consistent and regular meals throughout the day are crucial for growth and repair.

3)             A winning mindset and letting go of fear are keys to victory.

About Dain Wallis

Dain is a nutrition & strength coach from Toronto, Canada and currently Canada's Strongest Man in the 80kg weight class. He’s also a fellow instructor at DTS Fitness Education on the Nutrition Fundamentals course. Follow Dain on Twitter or find out more at canadasnutritioncoach.com

S2 EPISODE 8 - Ketone Supplements & Endurance Exercise Performance with w/ Dr. Brianna Stubbs PhD

In Season 2 Episode 8, Dr. Bubbs interviews ketone expert Dr. Brianna Stubbs PhD to discuss the impact of supplemental ketones on endurance exercise performance. In this episode, Brianna explains the differences between endogenous and exogenous ketosis, the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of ketones, and the impact of ketone supplements on blood glucose and lactic acid levels, as well as endurance time-trial performance. She also discusses research on exogenous ketone effects on satiety and potential implications for weight loss. Fantastic insights here from Brianna!

Research Link

Nutritional Ketosis Alters Fuel Preference and Thereby Endurance Performance in Athletes 

About Dr. Brianna Stubbs

Dr. Brianna Stubbs is a British rower and research scientist who won two gold medals for Great Britain at the 2013 and 2016 World Rowing Championships. She was the youngest person to row across the English Channel when she completed the feat in 2004, at the age of 12. Her research is focussed on ketone metabolism in athletes, the effects of different ketone supplements on human physiology, and the effects of ketone drinks on appetite. Follow Dr. Brianna Stubbs on Twitter and check out HVMN.com.

S2 EPISODE 7 - Nutrition For Bodybuilders, Hypertrophy and Physique-Focused Athletes w/ Dr. Eric Helms PhD

In Season 2 Episode 7, Dr. Bubbs chats with expert strength and hypertrophy researcher Dr. Eric Helms PhD to talk nutritional strategies for bodybuilders and physique-focused athletes.  In this episode, Eric outlines how protein requirements shift depending on training phase, effective weekly targets for weight loss, the key role of carbohydrates for bodybuilders and suggested intake ranges, as well as how contest prep impacts testosterone levels, evidence-based supplements to potentially add to your arsenal and the importance of using your eyes and ears to monitor progress. Great evidence-informed insights from Eric!

Lay-Ups

  1. In a caloric deficit, increasing protein intake above 2.3 g/kg can help protect against loses of lean muscle mass.
  2. Dropping calories too steeply can result in a 40% reduction in metabolic rate.
  3. Supplements make up only a small percentage of gains for bodybuilders

Research Link

Evidence-based recommendations for natural bodybuilding contest preparation: Nutrition and supplementation. May 2014 Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 11(1):20 

About Dr. Eric Helms

An active researcher in the areas of maximum strength development, fat loss, hypertrophy and competitive physique and strength sport. He is the co-founder and regular contributor to the Monthly Applications in Strength Sport research review and is the author of the Muscle & Strength Nutrition and Training Pyramids books. Eric also coaches a handful of drug free strength and physique athletes through 3D Muscle Journey LLC, which he co-founded in 2009.

S2 EPISODE 6 - Strength Training for Women - CrossFit, Olympic & Powerlifting w/ Isabel Lahela

In Season 2 Episode 6, Dr. Bubbs sits down with Canadian National Powerlifting Record Holder and Olympic Weightlifter Isabel Lahela to talk training for women. Isabel shares her insights on CrossFit, Olympic lifting and Powerlifting, the benefits of adding lean muscle for women’s physique, as well as talking about her background in dance, and previous battles with an eating disorder while in the dance community. Her message is to promote positive body image, self-love, and confidence through strength training and she provides plenty of actionable tips to help you achieve your goals in this episode.

Lay-Ups From This Episode

1)             Strength training is a key part of maintaining ideal body composition

2)             Community is key to keeping up motivation and long-term success

3)             Don’t be afraid to get started; being a beginner has its advantages!

The “Big Rocks” – Isabel’s Tip

-      Ladies… Don’t be afraid of getting stronger!

About Isabel Lahela

A multi strength sport athlete and personal trainer whose aim is to promote positive body image, self-love, and confidence through strength training. While not a self-confessed natural-born athlete, Isabel is currently a Canadian National Powerlifting Record Holder as well as Canadian National Olympic Weightlifter. She works hard and stays consistent with her training and lifestyle, aiming to show others that fitness is truly a way of life, as well as a total mind and body remedy. Follow Isabel on Instagram.

S2 EPISODE 5 - Hydration & Heat Acclimatization in Athletes w/ Dr. Stavros Kavouras PhD

In Season 2 Episode 5, Dr. Bubbs sits down with world expert hydration researcher Dr. Stavros Kavouras PhD who runs the Hydration Science Lab at the University of Arkansas. In this episode, Stavros discusses how dehydration can impact athletic performance, differences between endurance and strength or team-sport athletes, the impacts of water loss on athletes trying to make weight, strategies for assessing for dehydration, if drink to thirst is sufficient for elite athletes, performing in hot climates and acclimatizing to warmer environments. Fantastic insights from one of the world’s best!

Lay-Ups

  1. Even a 2% reduction in hydration can lead to performance declines in athletes.
  2. Drink to thirst is an effective strategy in recreational athletes, but not performance driven people.
  3. Inability to heat-acclimatize is a major roadblock to performance.

The “Big Rocks” – Stavros' Tip

Personalizing hydration based on genetic information of the athlete

Research Paper

Check out Diagnosing dehydration? Blend evidence with clinical observations 

About Dr. Stavros Kavouras

Dr. Stavros Kavouras is a Professor and Director of the Hydration Science Lab at the University of Arkansas. His lab is studying the mechanisms by which water intake affects health and performance. Dr. Kavouras is the author of more than 100 peer review articles and he has given lectures in 28 countries and he is a Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine & the European College of Sports. Follow Dr. Kavouras on Twitter.

S2 EPISODE 4 - Zero-Carb Carnivore Diet, Health and Performance w/ Dr. Shawn Baker MD

In Season 2 Episode 4, Dr. Bubbs chats with Dr. Shawn Baker MD, an orthopedic surgeon, former competitive athlete and a man following an all-meat diet.

Lay-Ups

  1. A carnivore diet is an entirely meat only diet.
  2. In the early 1900s, explorer Vilmur Steffanson undertook a study of eating nothing but meat for an entire year. They completed the study in perfect health.
  3. Any diet that completely excludes processed foods is likely to yield positive gains (and a caloric deficit).

Performance Tips

  1. Athletes with larger neck circumference – American football and rugby – are much more prone to sleep apnea.
  2. The older you get, the worse your blood sugar control (compared to younger athletes).
  3. You can break world records at 50 eating nothing but meat!

The “Big Rocks” – Shawn’s Tip

Make sure your portions sizes are big enough!

 About Dr. Shawn Baker MD

Dr.  Baker is an orthopedic surgeon, former rugby player, powerlifter and world record holder in indoor rowing, and carnivore diet advocate. Follow Shawn on Instagram here or nequalsmany.com, or enroll into his Carnivore Training System. January 2018 is World Carnivore Month - join on Facebook

S2 EPISODE 3 - Vitamin D, Immunity & Supplementation in Athletes w/ Brian St. Pierre

In Season 2 Episode 3, Dr. Bubbs sits down with Brian St. Pierre MS, Director of Performance Nutrition at Precision Nutrition, a world leader in nutrition education and coaching. Brian talks functions of vitamin D in the body, its key role in immunity, how much vitamin D you can get from the sun, if you should supplement with vitamin D, lab values for supporting health and athletic performance, vitamin D rich foods and much more. Fantastic insights from Brian, who also shares his experiences working with elite athletes and trainers around the world.

Lay-Ups in This Episode

  1. Vitamin D is actually more of a pro-hormone (not a vitamin).
  2. The sun is far and away the best source of vitamin D, however some foods like deep-water fatty fish, egg yolks and mushrooms contain modest amounts.
  3. If athletes are insufficient or deficient in vitamin D, they’ll likely see performance gains by achieving sufficiency.

Performance Insights From This Episode

  1. Individuals with darker skin tone may have a lower normal range for vitamin D status.
  2. Sufficient vitamin A status is crucial for optimizing vitamin D usage and avoiding toxicity.
  3. Supplementation of vitamin D in the winter months, in modest doses, is likely warranted in most people living in northern latitudes.

The “Big Rocks” – Bryan’s Tip

Master the fundamentals.

About Brian St. Pierre MS

Director of Performance Nutrition at Precision Nutrition, working with a host of professional sports teams including the San Antonio Spurs, Cleveland Browns, and more. Brian also works closely with Dr. John Berardi as a nutrition educator at Precision Nutrition, writing articles, presenting at seminars, and educating other fitness professionals as part of PN’s Certification courses. He’s a regular contributor to the Precision Nutrition blog and has been featured in Men’s Health, Men’s Fitness, Q Magazine, STACK, Testosterone Magazine, and more.

S2 EPISODE 2 - Evolution of Sport Science, Big Data & Changing The Game w/ Dr. Fergus Connolly

In Season 2 Episode 2, Dr. Bubbs interviews expert sport scientist and Director of Performance at the University of Michigan Dr. Fergus Connolly PhD. Fergus talks all things sports science; why we should start from the game itself and work backwards in sport science, a holistic, rather than reductionist view in performance sport, the value of upskilling staff versus adding more specialists, the importance of a “Human First” approach to athletes, how data is either useful, useless or interesting, and so much more. Terrific insights from one of the best in the business.

Lay-Ups In This Episode

1)             Start from the game itself and work backwards.

2)             All data has a life cycle.

3)             Never stop learning

Performance Insights From This Episode

1.    Coaches - What is the emotion of the day in your training program?

2.    There is tremendous value in having independent sports science experts to design assist in designing your sports science program (rather than solely relying on industry support).

3.    As Charlie Francis used to say  “learn from your athletes” (It’s not a one-way street).

The “Big Rocks” - Fergus' Tip

Find mentors to gain experience and learn as much as you can from your athletes (not just you teaching them).

About Dr. Fergus Connolly

Perhaps the only person in the world who has worked at the highest levels of Premier League soccer, international rugby, the NBA, NFL, and NCAA - where he’s currently the Performance Director for Michigan Football. Fergus is also the author of the fantastic and unique book, Game Changer, which cuts through the hype and myths to show you what really works, sharing details of how the most elite teams from around the world apply the latest knowledge, research, sports science, and technology to achieve excellence. Follow Fergus on Twitter

S2 EPISODE 1 - Fat Loss Nutrition, Overcoming Roadblocks & Achieving Compliance w/ Danny Lennon

In Season 2 Episode 1, Dr. Bubbs chats with Danny Lennon MS, founder of Sigma Nutrition, about all things weight loss: foundational principles of weight loss, food quality, the impact of fiber and protein on palatability, is low-carb superior to a low-fat diet, behavior change secrets, and strategies for promoting successful, long-term weight loss. Great insights and practical tips from Danny!

Lay-Ups From This Episode

1)             The overarching theme for all successful diets is caloric restriction

2)             Increases in protein promote superior satiety and thermic effect of food compared to carbohydrates and fats.

3)             Compliance is an overwhelming predictor of weight loss success.

Performance Tips In This Episode

1)            Fuel for the work required.

2)            Elite athletes – equal distribution of protein across the day

3)            Lack of sleep leads to direct effects on appetite and desire for hyper-palatable foods.

The “Big Rocks” - Danny’s Tip

Take stock in “why” you want to make a change; what is the underlying reason behind that reason. Take the time to peel back the layers to find out.

About Danny Lennon

Founder of Sigma Nutrition and the popular podcast Sigma Nutrition Radio. He has a formal scientific background in academia, completing a master’s degree (MSc.) in Nutritional Sciences at University College Cork. During this time Danny researched vitamin D, directly under the world-renowned researcher Professor Kevin Cashman.  Danny also works as a performance nutritionist to professional MMA fighters, professional boxers and competitive powerlifters. He has consulted w several teams in a number of sports ad has an online coaching service helping a wide array of clients with nutrition related issues. Outside of the nutrition world, Danny is a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu blue belt, raw powerlifter and a life-long Arsenal fan.